The Baku-Novorossiysk pipeline runs for 1,330 kilometres (km) from Azerbaijan's Sangachal Terminal to the Russian Black Sea port of Novorossiysk (see Overview of Oil Infrastructure in Azerbaijan). The contract was signed in 1996 between the Azerbaijan International Operating Company (AIOC), SOCAR and Transneft, and as of 1999 the pipeline was one of two routes to export oil out of Azerbaijan, along with the Baku-Supsa pipeline. A 231-kilometre section of the pipeline runs through Azerbaijan.
Since February 2008, Azerbaijan's state-owned oil company SOCAR has been in charge of operations on the Azerbaijani segment of the pipeline, while the Russian section is managed by Russian Transneft. In November 2011, Transneft were forced to halt flows through the pipeline in order to repair a leak caused by illegal tapping of the contents.
According to SOCAR, maximum throughput along the line is 105,000 barrels per day (bpd).
However Turan News Agency reported in 2013 that actual volumes being transported along this route were falling as the two countries lost interest in the project as an export route.
- "TRANSPORT ROUTES OF AZERBAIJANI OIL (BAKU-NOVOROSSIYSK, BAKU-SUPSA) " Azerbaijan Portal, retrieved 23 August 2012.
- "SOCAR Becomes Operator of Azerbaijani Section of Baku-Novorossiysk Pipeline" Trend, 6 February 2008.
- "Transneft Resumes Baku-Novorossiysk Oil Pipeline After Tapping" Business Week, 6 February 2008.
- "Transneft Baku-Novorossiysk Oil Pipeline" SOCAR, retrieved 15 March 2013.
- "http://www.contact.az/docs/2013/Analytics/030700031073en.htm#.UUTX7nKH6TM" Turan Information Agency, 7 March 2013.