Civil Society Activism in Uganda

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Civil society organizations (CSOs) in Uganda maintain a high profile through their advocacy work around the development of Uganda's oil and gas sector.

Areas of influence

CSOs have been particularly active in their call for the government to publish its contracts with international oil companies;[1] in highlighting the need for a clear tax collection mechanism for the country to benefit as much as possible from oil activity;[2] and in their call for Parliament to retain an oversight role in the management of the oil sector. Civil society was especially visible in the period leading up to the passage of Uganda's petroleum bill in December 2012, criticizing the power bestowed on the energy minister by Clause 9 in the bill.[3][4] Within the Ugandan parliament itself there is the Parliamentary Forum on Oil and Gas, a group of MPs that has engaged with CSOs and demanded greater parliamentary oversight in the management of the oil sector.[5]

Civil society coalition

The Civil Society Coalition on Oil in Uganda (CSCO), a "non-registered loose network of member organizations" includes twelve of the most prominent CSOs in this field, including:


  1. "Civil Society Groups Challenge Ugandan Government Over Oil Transparency", Global Witness, 10 July 2012.
  2. "Civil Society warns MPs on clause 9 of the Petroleum Bill", New Vision, 6 December 2012.
  3. "Uganda: Civil Society Want Oil Sector Managed By Parliament", All Africa, 16 September 2012.
  4. "No Vote on Uganda's Oil Bill", All Africa, 28 November 2012.
  5. "MPs demand oversight role in management of oil sector", Daily Monitor, 9 June 2012.
  6. "Effects of oil and gas exploration in the albertine rift region on biodiversity", Nature Uganda, 2 August 2012.