Crude Oil Qualities in Uganda

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The crude oil discovered in Uganda's Albertine Graben is sweet and waxy, with an API gravity ranging from 24 – 33˚ API and average sulphur content ranging from 0.1% to 0.2%. The oil is viscous; it is immobile at room temperature and must be kept at temperatures not less than 60˚C to maintain mobility and prevent wax deposition in flow lines, such as pipelines. To be pourable, it must be kept at least at 40˚C.[1]

According to the Ugandan Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development the sulphur levels in Ugandan crude are some of the lowest in the world, meaning that a refinery processing Ugandan crude would have the advantage of requiring less investment in desulpherisation units, making the refinery potentially more profitable.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 "Refining Opportunities in Uganda" Ministry of Energy and Mineral Development, retrieved 21 December 2012.