Iranian Pipelines

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Overview

Iran has an expansive domestic network of oil pipelines, including more than 10 pipelines that run between 101 and 1013 kilometres (km) in length.[1] According to FACTS Global Energy (FGE) Khatam Al‐Anbia Construction Headquarters (KACH), the construction company controlled by Iran's Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC), was awarded a new contract by the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC) worth US$1.3 billion to build two oil pipelines in February 2011. The new oil pipelines will total 1100 km and will deliver crude oil from the Khuzestan Province to the Tehran oil refinery. "In addition, KACH is constructing three further pipelines that will deliver crude oil and petroleum products. These include the Nayeen-Kashan, Rafsanjan-Mashhad, and Bandar Abbas-Rafsanjan pipelines".[1]

The 1,200 km Iran-Turkey pipeline, completed in 2001, can transport up to 39 million cubic meters (mcm) of natural gas per day.[2]

Iran was also involved in talks as of 2010 regarding the proposed Iran-Pakistan-India (IPI) pipeline, which would transport Iranian natural gas to the Indian subcontinent. The pipeline has a proposed length of 2774 km and a 153 mcm per day transport capacity. Development of the pipeline was been stalled due in part to disputes over the cost of the shipments.[2]

Pepe Escobar for Al-Jazeera argues that with European Union (EU) concerns about over-reliance on Russia's Gazprom for gas supplies to European consumers, an Iran-Iraq-Syria gas pipeline would be essential to diversify Europe's energy supplies away from Russia. [3] A preliminary deal was announced in July 2011 worth US$10 billion, by Syria, Iraq and Iran. The pipeline would transport gas from Iran’s South Pars gas field, the world’s biggest, through Iraq to Syria.[4]

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 "Iran: Analysis" US Energy Information Administration, retrieved 1 February 2012.
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Iran" Oil and Gas Directory Middle East, 2011.
  3. "Syria's Pipelineistan War" Al-Jazeera, 6 August 2012.
  4. "Syria's Transit Future: All Pipelines Lead to Damascus" OpenOil, 28 March 2012.