Oil and Gas Terminals in Egypt
The Suez–Mediterranean pipeline (SUMED) is a 320km line running from Ain Sukhna on the Gulf of Suez to Sidi Kerir on the Mediterranean coast. The pipeline,comprising two parallel 42-inch (1,067mm) lines, was opened in 1978 with a capacity of 1.6 million barrels per day (Mb/d). Completion of the Dashour pumping station capacity in 1994 increased capacity to 2.5 million barrels per day. Both ends of the pipeline have storage capacity of up to 24 million barrels.
At Ain Sukhna, four single-point moorings (spms) can take vessels of up to 500,000 dead-weight metric tons (dwt) and at Sidi Kerir six spms can take vessels of up to 350,000 dwt.
Sidi Kerir has become a major crude oil storage facility for the Mediterranean. The new Middle East Oil Refinery, Midor, the first refinery in Egypt to attract private sector participation, is linked to SuMed via a 20-inch (508mm), 11 kilometer line.
- "Cross-Border Oil and Gas Pipelines: Problems and Prospects" Joint UNDP/World Bank Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP), June 2003.