Other Extractives Industries in Syria

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Aside from oil and gas reserves, Syria holds the 11th largest global reserves of phosphate, a type of rock with high concentrations of phosphorus and a key ingredient used in fertilizer. According to the Syrian investment agency, phosphate is the country's sixth largest national industry.[1]

While crude oil and phospate rock have been Syria's main contributions to the world supply of minerals in recent years, other raw and processed mineral commodities produced in Syria include cement, gypsum, industrial sand (silica), marble, natural crude asphalt, nitrogen fertilizer, phosphate fertilizer, salt, steel, and volcanic tuff.[2]


  1. "The Other Natural Resource", Syria Today, September 2010.
  2. "2009 Minerals Yearbook", USGS, September 2010.