Overview of Oil Infrastructure in Sudan

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Infrastructure in Sudan

The infrastructure of the Sudanese and South Sudanese industry is concentrated in the Northern part of the country, including the Greater Nile Oil Pipeline (GNOP) and the Melut Basin Pipeline. [1] These pipelines and refineries were financed by China, to carry and process the oil that largely lies in the south.[2]

Sudan has three refineries located in Khartoum, Port Sudan, and El-Obeid; with total refinery capacity just under 122,000 barrels per cal day, according to the Oil and Gas Journal. The largest refinery, located 70 kilometers north of Khartoum, came online in 2000 with a capacity of 50,000 bbl/d. It is a joint venture between CNPC and the Sudanese government.The Khartoum refinery expanded to 100,000 bbl/d in 2006[3]

Post secession

In early 2012, Khartoum accused South Sudan's army of committing large-scale damage of oil infrastructure in Heglig during its occupation of the region. It is estimated that Sudan lost some 700 million USD, about 20 percent of its revenues- after the attack on Heglig which produces the half of Sudan's oil production. [4]

However, as both nations claim sovereignty over Heglig, which South Sudan refers to as Panthou, South Sudan has also accused Sudan of causing the damage. The Satellite Sentinel Project (SSP) has published new imagery indicating that as Sudan and South Sudan clashed over an oil field near the disputed border town of Heglig, a key part of the pipeline infrastructure was destroyed. The damage appears to be so severe, and in such a critical part of the oil infrastructure, that it would likely stop oil flow in the area, according to SSP.[5]


  1. "Sudan: Whose Oil?", IKV Pax Christi, April 2008.
  2. "South Sudan to Get Aid From China; No Oil Deal", New York Times, 25 April 2012.
  3. "Sudan and South Sudan- Analysis", US Energy Information Administration, 19 March 2012.
  4. "Sudan: Juba Denies Damaging Heglig Oil Infrastructure", All Africa, 26 April 2012.
  5. "Satellites Reveal Destruction of Key Pipeline Infrastructure in Disputed Heglig Oil Field Between the Sudans", Enough Project, 22 April 2012.