Other Iraqi Entities

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Iraq has numerous entities organised under the Oil Ministry in addition to the major producing companies, which are listed and outlined below.

North Gas Company (NGC)

The state-owned North Gas Company (NGC), based in Kirkuk,[1] is responsible for the utilization of all associated gases produced at Iraq's northern fields: dry gas used in electricity generation stations, fuel gas used in other industrial factories, and raw materials used in the petrochemical industry in order to manufacture fertilizers; liquid petroleum gas (LPG); natural gasoline; and, sulphur.[2]

Official website: www.ngc.gov.iq

South Gas Company (SGC)

The state-owned South Gas Company (SGC) is responsible for the processing of associated gas from the Iraq's southern fields in order to produce dry gas, liquid gas and natural gasoline, in addition to the industrial management of liquefied gas storage tanks and export terminals.[3]

In November 2011, Reuters reported the approval of a $17 billion deal between the SGC, Royal Dutch Shell and Mitsubishi to capture gas that is flared off in the oilfields around the southern oil hub of Basra. The deal established a new company called the Basra Gas Company, a joint venture of the SGC and the Shell/Mitsubishi consortium, which could eventually lead to the export of liquefied natural gas.[4]

Official website (ar): www.sgciraq.com

North Refineries Company (NRC)

The state-owned North Refineries Company (NRC) is the largest of the Ministry's refining companies. The NRC's total refining capabilities as of October 2011 were estimated to be 402,000 barrels per day (bpd). The NRC produces various refinery products, which include: unleaded gasoline; kerosene; aviation turbine kerosene (ATK); diesel and gasoline; lubricant oil products; spindle oil; transformer oil; asphalt; sulfur; liquefied refinery gases, and others. The NRC operates the North, Salahudin, Sininya, Qayara, Kasak, Kirkuk and Hadeetha refineries.[5]

The NRC is headquartered at the Baiji Oil Refinery (BOR).[6] and as of April 2012 the Director General of the NRC was Abdul Ghafoor Abdul Jabbar.[7]

Official website: www.nrcbaiji.com

Midland Refineries Company (MRC)

The state-owned Midland Refineries Company (MRC) is responsible for industrial management and operation of oil refineries in the midland region of Iraq, such as the Daura refinery. The MRC produces a wide range of refinery products, which include: liquid petroleum gas (LPG); lubricant oils; greases; wax; and asphalt.[8]

It was established in 1953 and became operative in 1955.[9] The company is headquartered at the Daura Refinery[10]and as of December 2011 the Director General of the MRC was Dathar al-Khasbab.[11]

Official website: www.dauramrc.com (ar)

South Refineries Company (SRC)

The South Refineries Company (SRC) provides a variety of refined oil products and operates the Basra, Dhi Qar and Maysan refineries.[12]

The company is headquartered at the Basra Refinery[13] and as of mid-2011 the Director General of the SRC was Abdul Hussein Nasir Qasim.[14]

Official website: www.src.gov.iq

Oil Projects Company (SCOP)

The Oil Projects Company (SCOP) is responsible for the design and execution of oil projects: refineries, oil depots, pipelines, storage tanks, and exporting crude oil terminals.[15]

As of late 2011 the Director General of SCOP was Nihad Mousa, the first Iraqi woman to hold this position in the companies of the Iraqi Oil Ministry.[16]

Official website: www.scop.gov.iq

Oil Pipelines Company (OPC)

The Oil Pipelines Company (OPC) is responsible for management and operation of oil depots, pumping stations, and pipelines that lead to distribution depots and industrial consumers.[17]

It is with the OPC that private companies must sign contract in order to work on pipeline projects in the country.[18]

Official website: www.opc.oil.gov.iq

Iraqi Oil Tankers Company (IOTC)

The Iraqi Oil Tankers Company (IOTC), based in Basra, is responsible for seaborne transportation of oil in the Iraqi oil industry.[19]

The IOTC's fleet was almost destroyed in the second Gulf War.[20] However in 2012 the company put out a tender for the purchase or construction of a new crude oil tanker, which would be the government's third state-owned oil transport vessel, to add to the two currently in operation which were bought in 2007 and 2008.[21]

Official website: www.iotc-basra.com

Petroleum Research & Development Center (PRDC)

The Petroleum Research & Development Center (PRDC) is a research institute established with the purpose of developing methods of scientific, pilot and experimental research for the oil industry. In this sense, the PRDC: solves technical problems related to petroleum, develops refining techniques in order to find new products or improve petroleum products that already exist, provides scientific support and information services to the Iraqi oil industry, follows the latest scientific and technological research on oil industry development and reduction of environmental pollution, and sustains bilateral cooperation efforts with Iraqi universities, their post-graduate students and professors.[22]

Official website: www.prdc.gov.iq

Gas Filling Company (GFC)

The Gas Filling Company (GFC) was founded in 1998[23] and is responsible for industrial management and operation of gas filling complexes. The company receives gas that is produced by the North Gas Company and South Gas Company in order to treat it and fill bottles to bring to market.[24] The company plays an important role in supplying the Iraqi market with liquid petroleum gas (LPG).[25]

As of 2012 the Director General of the GFC was Hamid Yunis Saleh.[26]

Official website: gfc.oil.gov.iq

Oil Training Institutes

The Iraqi Ministry of Oil runs four state-owned oil training institutes throughout the country, specifically, in Baghdad (BOTI), Basra (BasOTI) , Kirkuk (KOTI) and Baiji (BaiOTI).[27][28]

Established in 1951, the Institute in Kirkuk is the oldest petroleum technical institute in the Middle East. After the second Gulf War, the institute as a whole was transferred to Baiji, but in 2005 the institutes were separated and became independent.[29] The Institute in Baghdad is considered one of the largest Arab petroleum technical institutes. The Institute in Basra is the second largest of those that are run in Iraq. All four institutes educate their students in a variety of technical education courses related to the oil industry and send their students, later on in their studies, to petroleum industry worksites for further training and acclimation to the industry's work environment.[30]

BOTI website: www.boti.oil.gov.iq

BasOTI website: www.bsroti.oil.gov.iq

KOTI website: www.kirkukoti.net

BaiOTI website: www.otibaiji.oil.gov.iq

References

  1. "North Gas Company" Zawya, retrieved 10 January 2013.
  2. "North Gas Company (NGC)" Iraq Energy Expo, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  3. "South Gas Company" Iraq Energy Expo, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  4. "Iraq Approves $17bn Gas-Capture Contract With Shell, Mitsubishi" Iraq Business News, 16 November 2011.
  5. "North Refineries Company North Refineries Company website, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  6. "Iraqi Refineries Present And Future Wikileaks, 8 January 2009.
  7. "Iraq Refinery 2012 conference programme", 17 April 2012.
  8. "Midland Refineries Company (MRC)" Iraq Energy Expo, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  9. "Daura" Midland Refineries Company, retrieved 10 January 2013.
  10. "Iraqi Refineries Present And Future Wikileaks, 8 January 2009.
  11. "Midland Refineries Company (MRC)" Iraq Energy Expo website, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  12. "Department" South Refineries Company, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  13. "Iraqi Refineries Present And Future Wikileaks, 8 January 2009.
  14. "US Approves Grant for Basra Refinery Feasibility Study" Iraq Business News 25 July 2011.
  15. "Oil Projects Company" Iraq Energy Expo, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  16. "Nihad Mousa" Iraq Oil Forum, 27 October 2011.
  17. "Pipe Line Company" Iraq Energy Expo, retrieved on 25 December 2011.
  18. "KOGAS wins $127m Iraqi Pipeline Project" Iraq Business News, 9 October 2012.
  19. "Iraqi Oil Tankers Company" Iraq Expo Online, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  20. "Iraqi Oil Tankers Company" Iraq Expo Online, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  21. "Iraq Extends Deadline for Crude Tanker Tender" Iraq Business News, 19 April 2012.
  22. "About the center" Petroleum Research & Development Center, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  23. "About Us" Iraqi Gas Filling Company, retrieved 10 January 2013.
  24. "Gas Filling Company" Iraq Energy Expo, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  25. "Ministry of Oil increases pumping liquid gas for actual need" Iraqi News, 14 August 2012.
  26. "Ministry of Oil increases pumping liquid gas for actual need" Iraqi News, 14 August 2012.
  27. "Baghdad Oil Training Institute" Baghdad Oil Training Institute, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  28. "About us" Kirkuk Oil Training Institute, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  29. "About us>"[http://www.kirkukoti.net/en/aboutus.htm About us" Kirkuk Oil Training Institute, retrieved 25 December 2011.
  30. "Baghdad Oil Training Institute" Baghdad Oil Training Institute, fetrieved 25 December 2011.