Syria Oil Almanac v 0.9

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Welcome to the Syria Oil Almanac - the first open source reference for the Syrian oil industry.

Learn about the origins of Syria's oil industry as a transit country and home to the IPC pipeline, and the ongoing depletion of its oilfields since the 1980s; or find out where it fits into the emerging Eastern Mediterranean offshore exploration frenzy.

This is a living document that will continue to expand as articles are added by contributors in Syria and elsewhere. If you want to make a guide to the extractive industry in your country, see our three-question, two-minute questionnaire or contact us at wikiguides(at)

This wiki was created by OpenOil, an energy research and policy consultancy based in Berlin, in collaboration with Internews Europe, a non-profit organisation helping developing countries establish independent media. Visit our website to learn more about OpenOil, including:

Historical Overview

Origins and Evolution of Syrian Oil Industry, Impact of Sanctions on Syria...

Energy Industry Background

Syrian Hydrocarbon Reserves, Other Extractives Industries in Syria, Dependency on Extractives Revenues, ...

Regulatory Framework

Overview of Oil and Gas Regulation in Syria, Licensing rounds held in Syria...

State-owned entities

Syrian Petroleum Company (SPC), Syrian Gas Company(SGC) ...

International Oil Companies

ConocoPhillips, Gulfsands, Marathon ...

Oilfield service companies

ConocoPhillips, Gulfsands, Marathon ...

Oil and Gas Fields

Jbessa, Karatchuk, Omar, Rumailan...

Key Infrastructure

Overview of Infrastructure in Syria, Arab Gas Pipeline (AGP), Banias Refinery, ...

Energy Access

Power Generation in Syria, LPG, ...

Regional Dynamics

Syria-Lebanon, Syria-Russia...

Social and Environmental Impacts

Environmental Impacts of Syrian Extractives Industries...

Resource Transparency Opportunities

Resource Curse, Natural Resource Charter, Resource Transparency Movement, ...


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